also spelled and considered by Muslims everywhere to be the most sacred spot on Earth. is a small shrine located near the center of the Great Mosque in The foundation of Ka’bah is made from marble. The thickness of marble is 25 cm at least. Kaaba is the first building on the earth which is used as a qiblat in Moslem prayer piety so that Kaaba become a center building in Masjidil Haram. Then, Kaaba is the most sacred site in Islam and all of Moslem around the world face the Kaaba during prayer, no matter where they are. Muslims orient themselves toward this shrine during the five daily prayers, bury their dead facing its meridian, and cherish the ambition of visiting it on pilgrimage, or , in accord with the command set out in the .
The cube-shaped structure is roughly. Constructed of gray stone and marble, it is oriented so that its corners roughly correspond to the points of the . The interior contains nothing but the three pillars supporting the roof and a number of suspended silver and gold lamps.
Kaaba has a shutter wall, it is kiswah.
Kiswah is made from gold thread and is adorned with Al-Qur’an calligraphy. During most of the year, the Kaʿbah is covered with an enormous cloth of black brocade, the . Every wall corner of Kaaba has a name. The north side is Rukun Iraqi (Irak), the south side is Rukun Yamani (Yaman), the west side is Rukun Syami (Suriah) and the east side is Rukun Aswad (Hajar Aswad)